Time of Year: May
Area: Greater Accra Region
Homowo is a harvest festival which means “to hoot (or jeer) at hunger” is celebrated by the Ga-Adangbe’s of Ghana. The festival starts in the month of May with the planting of crops (mainly maize and yam) before the rainy season starts. The celebration begins with the planting of maize, which will be used in preparing the food for the festival named Kpokpoi or Kpekple.
During this period, noise-making is prohibited or banned since it is believed that it will hinder the maturity of the crop. The Ga people celebrate Homowo in remembrance of the famine that once happened in their history in pre-colonial Ghana. The tradition of Homowo started with a period of hunger leading to famine due to the failure of the seasonal rains needed by crops in the Greater Accra Region, where the Ga people predominantly dwell. When the rains returned to normal, the Ga people celebrated by creating the Homowo festival, hence its name and meaning. Homowo is greatly celebrated in all the towns in the Ga state with celebrations climaxing in Gamashie. The meal is eaten with Palm Nut Soup and it is also sprinkled within the town. This is normally done by traditional leaders and family heads. All family heads sprinkle the “kpokpoi” in their family house. The celebration includes marching down roads and streets beating drums, chanting, face painting, singing, and traditional dances